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دانستنی های پر هیجان نجومی - چگونه میگویند ماده ی تاریک وجود دارد؟
از این به بعد در اینجا جهان را هیجان آور تر ببینید

چگونه میگویند ماده ی تاریک وجود دارد؟

نویسنده :امیر محسن
تاریخ:یکشنبه 28 اسفند 1390-04:03 ب.ظ

با اینکه وجود ماده تاریک در جهان مهم و ضروری به نظر می‌رسد، اما هنوز مدارک و دلایل قطعی مبنی بر وجود این ماده و طبیعت آن به دست نیامده‌است. با این وجود تئوری ماده تاریک به عنوان قابل قبول‌ترین فرضیه برای توجیه انحراف در حرکت وضعی کهکشان است. سرعت چرخشی ستاره‌ها در کهکشان‌ها از رابطه‌ای که از قوانین کپلر انتظار داریم پیروی نمی‌کند و برحسب فاصله از مرکز کهکشان ثابت است. برای توضیح این پدیده باید توزیع جرم در کهکشان به طور خطی با شعاع زیاد شود، اما این توضیح با مشاهدهٔ کهکشان‌ها در قسمت مرئی که نشان می‌دهد بیشتر جرم در ناحیه مرکزی متراکم شده‌است ناسازگار است. بنابراین فرض می‌شود که این جرم نایافته از مادهٔ تاریک (که آن را نمی‌بینیم) ساخته شده باشد. چند فرضیه دیگر نیز، مانند فرضیه موند (MOND) و فرضیه توز (TeVeS) برای توجیه این موضوع مطرح شده‌اند، اما هیچ کدام به اندازه نظریه ماده تاریک در مجامع علمی مقبولیت پیدا نکرده‌اند.

با این وجود برخی پژوهش‌های جدید نشان داده‌است امکان دارد در مشاهدات تلسکوپ Wmap اشتباهاتی رخ داده باشد که اگر این امر ثابت شود به این نظریه اشکالاتی وارد می‌شود.

English: The Cosmic Microwave Background temperature fluctuations from the 5-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe data seen over the full sky. The average temperature is 2.725 Kelvin (degrees above absolute zero; absolute zero is equivalent to -273.15 C or -459 F), and the colors represent the tiny temperature fluctuations, as in a weather map. Red regions are warmer and blue regions are colder by about 0.0002 degrees.



در مورد تصویر:

English: The Cosmic Microwave Background temperature fluctuations from the 5-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe data seen over the full sky. The average temperature is 2.725 Kelvin (degrees above absolute zero; absolute zero is equivalent to -273.15 C or -459 F), and the colors represent the tiny temperature fluctuations, as in a weather map. Red regions are warmer and blue regions are colder by about 0.0002 degrees.








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